The intellectual life was quickened.
As if to prove Renan right, the first generations of Zionists sought to build a new, secular Jewish national identity. An intense mental activity was called forth.
The main feature of the philosophy of Maimonides and of the systems based upon it is rationalism, not a dry, scholastic, abstract rationalism, but a living rationalism, embracing the whole field of the most exalted psychic phenomena.
The laws were not laid down arbitrarily and without ceremony. Every lofty ideal is claimed as exclusively Jewish. Such being the intellectual bias of the age, a sober, rationalistic philosophy could not assert itself.
In the course of time, however, the means became the end. And they solved the difficult problem. Edward Gibbon in the 18th century and Leopold von Ranke in the 19th were writing new histories of the ancient Romans and Greeks. One element was lacking, there was no versatile, commanding thinker like Saadia Gaon.
It is likely that the Samaritan Revolt of was joined by the Jewish community, which had also suffered a brutal suppression of Israelite religion. Dubnow's Essay is based upon the authorized German translation, which was made from the original Russian. In Palestine and in Babylonia, their two chief seats, the Jews were surrounded by nations that still occupied the lowest rung of the ladder of civilization, that had not yet risen above naive mysticism in religion, or continued to be immersed in superst.
Finally, the moment approached when gloomy Catholicism attained to unchallenged supremacy in the Pyrenean Peninsula. The persecutions of the Jews by the Visigothic kings of Spain and the Bishops Avitus of Clermont and Agobard in France sixth to the ninth century were the prelude to the more systematic and the more b.
This is not only self-defeating; it nullifies any quest for the inner meaning of Jewish history. This marks the displacement of the Sephardic Spanish, in a broader sense, Romanic element, and the supremacy of the Ashkenazic German-Polish element.
The Jews should have known, from bitter experience, that such boldness would not be passed over silently. Cut off from their spiritual roots, and seduced in the s by the promise of a sudden peace, many found yet another idol: True to the law of inertia, they would not allow the privilege of isolation to be wrested from them.
The latter had had two centuries, the period elapsing since the middle ages, that is, the period between the Reformation and the great Revolution, in which to prepare for a more rational and a more humane conduct of life.
My father was a wandering Aramean, and he went down into Egypt with a few people and lived there and became a great nation, powerful and numerous. If 18th- and 19th-century Haskalah Jewish enlightenment could be said to have created a secular Jewish culture, the new Wissenschaft des Judentums science of Judaism detached numerous Jews from their living past, turning their laws, customs, and memories into mere objects of study.
In the view of these historians, the revival of Hebrew by the poets and grammarians of medieval Spain had paved the way for the Hebrew literary renaissance of the 19th century, which in turn paved the way for the revival of spoken Hebrew. Over and above a large number of philological and other writings of scientific purport, he created a momentous religio-philosophic system, with the aim to clarify Judaism and refine religious conceptions.
Exposed constantly to persecutions, they lived more or less isolated, and devoted themselves to one-sided though intense intellectual activity. Jerusalem was renamed Aelia Capitolina and Judea was renamed Syria Palestinato spite the Jews by naming it after their ancient enemies, the Philistines.
A Roman campaign of conquest and annexation, led by Pompeysoon followed. Let us try to conceive what the first five centuries of the Christian era, the centuries during which the Talmud was built up, meant in the life of mankind.
But the same external circ. The Marranos beyond the Pyrenees and the unfortunate Jews of Italy, who, in the second half of the sixteenth century had to bear the brunt of papal fanaticism, on the increase since the Reformation, were kept in a state of constant excitement by this Messianic doctrine, with its obscure stirrings of hope.
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“As historian, ideologist, literary critic, and journalist, Dubnov put forward the idea that /5(9). Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Jewish history is the history of the Jews, and their religion and culture, as it developed and interacted with other peoples, geography, medicine, mathematics, poetry and philosophy.
Generally, the Jewish people were allowed to practice their religion and live according to the laws and scriptures of their community. Furthermore, the. About the Book -- Jewish History: An Essay in the Philosophy of History.
From Preface Mr. Dubnow's scientific activity, first and last, is a striking refutation of the widespread opinion that identifies attractiveness of form in the work of a scholar with superficiality of content.
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This is a reproduction of a book published before This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages/5(9). About the Book -- Jewish History: An Essay in the Philosophy of History. From Preface Mr.
Dubnow's scientific activity, first and last, is a striking refutation of the widespread opinion that identifies attractiveness of form in the work of .Jewish history an essay on the philosophy of history