The tea act war in colonial america

Their first meeting was on September 5, and their first measure was to issue a Declaration of Rights and Grievances agreeing to boycott British goods.

With this new tax burden driving up the price of British tea, sales plummeted. Please try again later. To express their displeasure, the colonists organized popular and effective boycotts of the taxed goods.

A glut of tea and a diminished American market had left the company with tons of tea leaves rotting in its warehouses. Parliament decided to enact the Currency Act of to control currency depreciation against silver and sterling and to ensure its value for payments of debt to British merchants.

In theory, the East India Company could sell many tons of tea there if taxes were lowered. Not a single British East India Company chest of tea bound for the 13 colonies reached its destination. It was designed to prop up the East India Company which was floundering financially and burdened with eighteen million pounds of unsold tea.

Visit Website Unfortunately for Townshend, the Stamp Act had aroused colonial resentment to all new taxes, whether levied on imports or on the colonists directly.

The Declaration of Independence

Declawed and simplified, the event loses not only its revolutionary punch but also its political and economic context. British prognosticators were wrong. Since Parliament had a long history of using duties to regulate imperial trade, Townshend expected that the colonists would acquiesce to the imposition of the new taxes.

Some relief would be granted to the struggling corporate giant, without political cost. This act placed duties on a number of goods imported into the colonies, including tea, glass, paper and paint. My substitute is camomile flowers. On April 19, General Gage ordered seven hundred men to capture all military arsenal in Concord.

Saving the East India Company The repeal of the majority of the Townshend Act took the wind out of the sails of the colonial boycott.

The most spectacular action occurred in Boston, Massachusettswhere on December 16,a well-organized group of men dressed up as Native Americans and boarded the company ships.

Because the Tea Act made legally imported tea cheaper, it threatened to put smugglers of Dutch tea out of business. The act was not intended to raise revenue in the American colonies, and in fact imposed no new taxes.

This would have the dual result of saving the tea company and securing compliance from Americans on the tax issue. The Destruction of the Tea If Parliament expected that the lowered cost of tea would mollify the colonists into acquiescing to the Tea Act, it was gravely mistaken.

Boston Tea Party

Colonists, however, did not elect members of Parliament, and so American Whigs argued that the colonies could not be taxed by that body. Parliament responded with the Coercive Acts ofwhich colonists came to call the Intolerable Acts.

Uh Oh There was a problem with your submission. Colonists in Philadelphia and New York turned the tea ships back to Britain. According to Young, American writers were for many years apparently reluctant to celebrate the destruction of property, and so the event was usually ignored in histories of the American Revolution.

That single act precipitated harsh retaliation from the British, which in turn led to a long and ugly war. He convinced the tea consignees, two of whom were his sons, not to back down. This tea was to be shipped directly to the colonies, and sold at a bargain price.

Dutied British tea continued to be imported into Boston, however, especially by Richard Clarke and the sons of Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinsonuntil pressure from Massachusetts Whigs compelled them to abide by the non-importation agreement.

Few in London thought the sweetheart deal was a matter of consequence to anyone but the East India Company, and it received little notice. For a half century, Americans shunned the tale, and certainly did not call it a tea party. Dumping British tea unified the patriots The immediate effect was just the opposite.

In the Tea Act ofParliament left the American import duties in place but decreed that the East India Company would no longer have to pay any duties on tea landing in Britain and headed to America, nor would it have to sell the tea at British public auctions.

And whereas by an act made in the ninth and tenth years of the reign of King William the Third, intituled, An act for raising a sum not exceeding two millions, upon a fund, for payment of annuities, after the rate of eight pounds per centum per annum; and for settling the trade to the East Indies, and by several other acts of parliament which are now in force, the said united company of merchants of England trading to the East Indies are obliged to give security, under their common seal, for payment of the duties of customs upon all unrated goods imported by them, so soon as the same shall be sold; and for exposing such goods to sale, openly and fairly, by way of auction, or by inch of candle, within the space of three years from the importation thereof:.

Your adventure isn’t complete without a spot of tea. The comfortable charm of another era, wonderful waterfront and skyline views, a friendly welcome from colonial tea ladies and reasonably priced menu choices make Abigail’s the. Tea Act, (), in British American colonial history, legislative maneuver by the British ministry of Lord North to make English tea marketable in America.

A previous crisis had been averted in when all the Townshend Acts duties had been lifted except that on tea, which had been mainly supplied to the Colonies since then by Dutch smugglers. Seventeen Million Pounds of Unsold Tea.

With the passing of the Tea Act, the seventeen million pounds of unsold surplus tea the British East India Company owned could be sold to markets in the American colonies. The tea was to be shipped to the American colonies and sold at a reduced rate.

Timeline of Events Preceeding the Boston Tea Party


In retaliation, Parliament passed the series of punitive measures known in the colonies as the Intolerable Acts, including the Boston Port Bill, which shut off the city’s sea trade pending payment for the destroyed British government’s efforts to single out Massachusetts for punishment served only to unite the colonies and impel the drift toward war.

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The tea act war in colonial america
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Timeline of British Acts on America